The following key points identify Drake's
harbor of Nova Albion (New England) in California.
Native Americans of the Coast Miwok People, who
inhabited Marin and part of Sonoma Counties, north of the entrance to San
The Farallon Islands lying a short distance downwind
(southwest) of Drake's harbor. They are the only offshore islands in the
An easy entry into a good bay where the Golden Hind could
A safe inner harbor within the bay where the difficult
work of repairing the Golden Hind could be carried out free of current,
wind, waves, and excessive tidal range .
Extremely cold and foggy
weather from late June through July.
region a short distance from Drake's harbor with a notably better climate.
Distinctive white cliffs which lie toward the sea from Drake's harbor,
which inspired him to name the land Nova Albion after the similar white
cliffs along the English Channel.
Artifacts left behind by Drake's
men and firmly identified to the 1570s. Drake captured four chests of
Chinese porcelains from a ship off Central America. Numerous porcelain
sherds found in Native-American sites at Drakes Bay have been identified
as abandoned cargo from Drake's Golden Hind.
A close match of the
harbor with a sketch deriving from the voyage. This sketch, shown on the
map known as the Hondius Broadside Map, published within Drake's lifetime,
names the inner harbor as Portus Novae Albionis, or Port of New England.
In it, the Golden Hind is shown at anchor, protected by bluffs, hills, and
sand spits. Drake's fortified encampment is shown on the shore near the
ship. The site can be seen today.
These, and many more points of
evidence, match only one location: Drake's Cove at the western side of the
mouth of Drakes Estero where the Estero joins Drakes Bay.
Guild's research has been studied in depth and accepted by numerous
scholars in many fields. Many of them are listed in the Guild's book
Discovering Francis Drake's California Harbor.
The Board of Supervisors of Marin County has officially
declared Drakes Bay as the landing place of Sir Francis Drake in resoltion
No. 94-129. (click to see Resolution)