About 1540 -- Francis Drake born near Tavistock,
1550s -- Drake learns seafaring as a youth.
Philip II becomes king of Spain.
1558 -- Henry Vill's daughter
Elizabeth becomes queen of England.
About 1564 -- Drake is purser on a
trading voyage to Spain.
1566-1567 -- Drake is an officer in the Lovell
expedition to Africa and the Caribbean.
1567 -- Drake is an officer in
the Hawkins expedition to Africa and the Caribbean and becomes captain of
1568 -- Hawkins expedition is attacked in San Juan d'Ulua,
Mexico; Drake escapes in the Judith, Hawkins in the Minion, both returning
to Plymouth In 1569.
1569 -- Drake marries Mary Newman.
Drake raids the West Indies with two ships.
1571 -- Drake raids Panama
with one ship.
1572-1573 -- Drake raids Panama with two ships and takes
a mule train with treasure.
1575 -- Drake serves under the Earl of
Essex off the coast of Ireland.
1577 -- Drake sails for the Pacific by
way of the Straits of Magellan.
1579 -- Drake raids the Pacific coast
of South and Central America, captures a treasure ship, then sails far
north, sees Oregon, and refits In California before crossing the Pacific
and Indian oceans.
1580 -- Drake returns to Plymouth, completing the
1581 -- Queen Elizabeth knights Drake on the deck of
his ship, the Golden Hind.
1581-1582 -- Drake is mayor of
1581-1586, 1593 -- Drake is a member of Parliament.
-- Mary Drake dies.
1585 -- Drake marries Elizabeth
1585-1586 -- Drake takes Santiago, Cape Verde Islands; Santo
Domingo, Hispaniola; Cartagena, Columbia, and St. Augustine, Florida, with
twenty-five ships and two thousand men. He rescues the Roanoke
1587 -- Drake burns Spanish ships in Cadiz, Spain, and along
the Portuguese coast with twenty-four ships and three thousand men, then
takes a treasure ship off the Azores Islands.
1588 -- Drake is
vice-admiral of England in the campaign of the Spanish Armada.
Drake takes Corunna, Spain, and attacks Lisbon unsuccessfully with 180
ships and seventeen thousand men.
1593-1595 -- Drake is deputy lord
lieutenant for Devon.
1595 -- Drake and John Hawkins sail for the West
Indies with twenty-seven ships and twenty-five hundred men. Hawkins dies,
and Drake's attacks are repulsed at San Juan, Puerto Rico, and in
1596 -- On January 28, Drake dies off Panama and is buried at
1598 -- King Philip II of Spain dies.
1603 -- Queen Elizabeth